|The Process of Project Management|
|6. Core Planning Processes|
|6.2||Project Scope Definition|
If you haven't already done so, please read the preamble. It contains important background information to help you understand the content of this webpage.
Project scope definition is a core project planning process (see figure 6.x). It involves identifying and describing the work that is needed to produce the product of the project in sufficient detail to ensure that:
What constitutes "sufficient detail" will vary by project: too much detail can be as troublesome as too little detail. In addition, control may often be exercised at a level higher than that needed for understanding.
Project scope definition is normally the first step in the project planning process and thus sets the tone for much of the remaining planning effort. If this process is poorly done, it is unlikely that the rest of the project planning will be well-done.
Special Considerations. In performing this process, the following factors will often have to be given special consideration:
|6.2.1||Inputs to Project Scope Definition|
|.1||Project definition document. The project definition document is described in Section 5.2.|
|.2||Facilitative planning process outputs. The outputs of the facilitative planning processes should be reviewed for possible impact on project scope definition.|
|.3||Generic process inputs. See Section 4.2 for a discussion of generic process inputs.|
|6.2.2||Mechanisms for Project Scope Definition|
|.1||Work breakdown structure templates. Although each project is unique, many projects will resemble another project to some extent. For example, most projects within a given organization will have the same or similar project life cycles and will thus have the same or similar deliverables required from each phase. These common elements can be put into a template that serves as the starting point for development of a WBS.|
|.2||Decomposition. Decomposition involves subdividing the major project deliverables into smaller, more manageable elements until the deliverables are defined in sufficient detail to support future project activities. See detail on decomposition .|
|.3||Generic process mechanisms. See Section 4.2 for a discussion of generic process mechanisms.|
|6.2.3||Outputs from Project Scope Definition|
|.1||Work breakdown structure. A work breakdown structure is a deliverable-oriented grouping of project elements that organizes and defines the total scope of the project: work not in the WBS is outside the scope of the project. As with the project definition document, the WBS is often used to develop or confirm a common understanding of project scope. A WBS is normally presented in chart form; however, the WBS should not be confused with the method of presentationdrawing an unstructured activity list in chart form does not make it a WBS.|
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